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Housing Needs of American Indians and Alaska Natives in Tribal Areas assesses the demographic, social, economic, and housing conditions of American Indian and Alaska Natives (AIANs), as well as Native Hawaiians. The study shows an increase in the number of individuals who self-identified as being a member of an AIAN tribe and are living closer to, or within, tribal lands. The study also found that AIANs living outside of tribal areas have better economic well-being than those living within tribal areas.
In terms of housing instability, the study found that approximately 42,000 to 85,000 people are experiencing homelessness, mainly doubled-up homelessness. Ninety percent of people living in overcrowded housing would prefer to have their own home. The study also found that about 34 percent of AIAN households have severe infrastructure deficiencies, such as inadequate plumbing, heating and electrical issues, compared to U.S. households.
The study concludes with an overview of the Native American Housing Assistance and Self-Determination Act (NAHASDA).This Act serves as the current funding source allocated through the Indian Housing Block Grant that allows tribal governments to develop, operate, and maintain its own affordable housing programs.
Click here to read the report.