Affordable Housing, Community Development, Homelessness, Reports and Publications

Poverty Becomes More Concentrated in Cities and Expands Further into Suburbs

The Brookings Institute
 

A research brief from the Brookings Institution, The Growth and Spread of Concentrated Poverty, 2000 to 2008-2012, used the latest neighborhood-level poverty data from the 2008-2012 American Community Survey to learn where and how populations living in poverty have shifted at the neighborhood level. With the exception of three, all of the 100 largest metro areas in the U.S. saw increases in the suburban population living in poverty.

In 2000, urban areas had more residents living below the federal poverty line than suburban areas. Now, suburban areas have a greater share of residents living below the federal poverty line than in cities or rural communities, contrary to popular belief.

Meanwhile, in already distressed and high-poverty neighborhoods, poverty has become even more concentrated. The authors of the report assert that many suburban communities are not prepared to deal with an increasing low-income population and already distressed neighborhoods will continue to suffer disadvantages and run the risk of perpetuating poverty across generations.

Both the Hartford Metro Area and the New Haven-Milford Metro Area saw much larger increases in the number of suburban residents living in poverty compared to city residents living in poverty. Meanwhile, the Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk Metro Area saw a larger number of city residents living in poverty than suburban residents living in poverty.

Some of the report’s detailed findings on Connecticut’s Metro Areas:

Hartford Metro Area

  • The Hartford Metro Area had 117,943 residents living in poverty in 2008-2012, a 29.4% increase from 91,167 in 2000. 
  • Within Hartford city proper, the number of residents living in poverty increased from 35,703 to 39,365, a 10.3% increase. 
  • Meanwhile, the Hartford suburbs saw an increase from 55,464 to 78,578, a 41.7% increase.

New Haven-Milford Metro Area

  • The New Haven-Milford Metro Area had 99,162 residents living in poverty in 2008-2012, a 31.3% increase from 75,549 in 2000. 
  • Within New Haven and Milford cities proper, the number of residents living in poverty increased from 27,429 to 31,330, a 14.2% increase. 
  • Meanwhile, the New Haven-Milford suburbs saw an increase from 48,120 to 67,832, a 41% increase.

Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk Metro Area

  • The Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk Metro Area had 79,663 residents living in poverty in 2008-2012, a 33.5% increase from 59,689 in 2000. 
  • Within Bridgeport, Stamford, and Norwalk cities proper, the number of residents living in poverty increased from 34,114 to 46,283, a 35.7% increase. 
  • Meanwhile, the Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk suburbs saw an increase from 25,575 to 33,380, 30.5% increase.

Click here to access the full report.
 

 
 

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