Brookings recently released new research titled Black-white segregation edges downward since 2000, census shows. The study uses American Community Survey census data to analyze trends in black-white segregation patterns in large metropolitan (metro) areas.
Of the 51 metro areas with populations exceeding one million, and black populations exceeding 3 percent, 45 experienced declines in black-white segregation. Of those, most reductions were modest, between 1 and 4 percentage points. The researchers note that one contributing factor to diversifying neighborhoods is a rise in Hispanic neighbors moving into predominately white neighborhoods.
Despite modest declines nationally, many northern metropolitans maintained very high levels of segregation. The Hartford metro ranks 12th highest of the 51, with a Segregation Index of 65.7. The Segregation Index measures “the percent of blacks that would need to relocate to be fully integrated with whites across metropolitan neighborhoods.”