In October 2018, the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) released the 2017 Annual Homeless Assessment Report (AHAR) to Congress: Part 2- Estimates of Homelessness in the United States. This report includes one-year estimates of the sheltered homeless population from Homeless Management Information Systems (HMIS) and data on student homelessness from the U.S. Department of Education and the American Housing Survey. The report summarizes findings from both 2017 Point-in-Time count and HMIS data and reports the number of people experiencing homelessness has been reduced since 2007.
Based on the one-night estimates, in January 2017, 550,966 people experienced homelessness on a given night, a 14.9% drop in one-night estimates since 2007, out of which 66.5% were individuals and 33.5% were people in families with children.
Key findings from the one-year estimates include:
- In 2017, approximately 1.42 million people experienced homelessness, a 10.98 % drop in the number of sheltered people between 2007 and 2017.
- 43% of those experiencing sheltered homelessness were African American.
- 1.1% increase in the number of families with children experiencing homelessness since 2017. There were 21,338 of the families with children were under the age of 25.
- 49.2% of individuals experiencing sheltered homelessness had a disability.
- Between 2009 and 2017, homelessness among veterans decreased by 20.9%.