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Community Development , Homelessness , Reports and Publications , Supportive Housing

New Report Highlights Health Outcomes for Those Living in HUD-Assisted Housing

12 April 2017
U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development

A Health Picture of HUD-Assisted Adults, 2006–2012 examines the health outcomes of adults living in HUD-assisted housing from 2006 to 2012 and compares the data to adults living in unassisted low-income rental units and the general population. The report provides and in-depth analysis of the sociodemographic characteristics of four groups of adults, those between the ages of 18 to 24, 25 to 44, and 45 to 61, and 62 and over, and three types of housing conditions.

Findings indicate that seniors between the ages of 62 and over are more likely to be housed in HUD-assisted housing while adults ages 18 to 24 are more likely to live in unassisted low-income rentals. Approximately 25 percent of adults living in HUD-assisted housing consisted of an adult with one or more children. Adults that were living in HUD-assisted and unassisted low-income housing were more likely to be single compared to the general adult population. Moreover, thirty-nine percent of adults that were living in HUD-Assisted housing were widowed, divorced or separated. The majority of non-Hispanic white lived in general housing (68.8%) or unassisted low-income housing (49.9%). Formerly homeless and/or incarcerated adults were more likely to live in unassisted low-income rentals (20%) and HUD-assisted units. 

In regards to health status and conditions, those living in HUD-assisted housing were more likely to self-report poor health status, be obese, and had two or more emergency visits in the past 12 months. They were also more likely to be diagnosed with a disability that limited their ability to work and participate in social activities. Overall, the report shows that HUD-assisted tenants had worse health outcomes than those living in low-income rentals and the general population. The authors noted that the ages of the HUD-assisted recipient and the population being served might contribute to the health status findings. 

This report utilizes data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, the National Health Interview Survey, and HUD administrative data and consisted of approximately 35,000 households. 

Click here to read the report.