The National Fair Housing Alliance (NFHA) released its 2018 Fair Housing Trends Report, an annual report analyzing national trends in housing. The report provides data and analysis on housing discrimination complaints across the country and provides a number of recommendations to address housing discrimination and racial segregation.
This year’s report celebrated the 50th Anniversary of the passage of the Fair Housing Act (FHA) in 1968, reflecting on the accomplishments since its passage, and the work that still must be done. The FHA (with amendments) makes it illegal for people to be discriminated against in the renting, purchasing, or financing of housing, on the basis of race, color, national origin, religion, sex, disability and the presence of children. NFHA reports that 28,843 housing discrimination complaints were made in 2017, up from 28,181 in 2016. Of the 28,843 complaints, 57% complained of discrimination on the basis of disability, 19% on the basis of race, and 9% on familial status.
One area highlighted by NFHA needing particular focus is in the fight against segregation. Even with efforts taken to this point, the nation remains heavily segregated by race and ethnicity. Moreover, the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) recently rolled back the Affirmatively Furthering Fair Housing rule that began in mid-2016. This rule provided a clear approach for communities receiving HUD funding to integrate fair housing practices into their work. According the to report, suspending the rule greatly weakens efforts to defeat segregation.
Among the recommendations provided by NFHA were:
- Reinstate and Effectively Implement the Affirmatively Furthering Fair Housing Rule;
- Strengthen the Fair Housing Initiatives Program;
- Improve Access to Credit;
- Create an Independent Fair Housing Agency or Reform HUD’s Office of Fair Housing and Equal Opportunity; and
- Make Fair Housing and Civil Rights a Priority in Disaster Recovery Efforts and Programs.
Click here to read the full report.